The Scots Pine is the only native British Pine, and one of only a handful of native conifers. It is found in the wild in Scotland and on heathland in the south of England, but it is now less often planted commercially as it has been replaced by the faster growing Corsican Pine. It is easily recognised by its distinctive orange flaking bark.
Site and soil
The Scots Pine prefers well-drained soil, but will not grow on chalky soil. Can withstand very low temperatures and exposed conditions.
Height and spread
After 10 years: 8m x 3m After 20 years: 12m x 6m
Leaf and bark
The needle-like leaves are blue-green, slightly twisted to 5cm long. The bark is purplish-grey at the base, becoming bright orange-brown on the upper trunk.
Flower, seed and fruit
The flowers open in May, the males yellow, the females red. They are followed by cones to 6cm, which ripen in their second year.
Commercial forestry, plantations, shelterbelts, woodland, specimen tree. The very straight, columnar trunk is used for ships masts, telegraph poles, furniture, chipboard and charcoal. Turpentine is extracted from the resin for medicinal and other purposes.
In Scotland, the Scots Pine provides nesting sites for the Golden Eagle, Osprey and Goshawk. Other birds are attracted to feed on the tree include Greater Spotted Woodpecker, Siskin, Crossbill and Great Crested Tit. Squirrels and other small mammals also feed on the cones. Lichens and insects colonise the tree.
The main reasons for buying protection is to protect the plants against:
When it comes to deciding what protection to choose the golden rule is to choose the product dependent on which pest you are protecting against. The below will help you in deciding what height of protection you will need.
Vole, Mice 20cm
Roe Deer, Muntjac 1.20m
Fallow Deer 1.50m
Pest & Minimum Protection Height
Protection Type Where more than one size is listed, the wider diameter protection is recommended for taller, bushier plants.
Support Required Taller support is recommended for use in sandier, lighter soils and wider/stronger support should be used at exposed sites.